Periodontics and Oral Surgery
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal treatment is necessary when various conditions affect the health of the gums and the jaw bone that holds your teeth in place. Being able to keep your teeth depends on proper periodontal care and maintenance.
Healthy gums enhance the appearance of the teeth, like a frame around a beautiful painting. When the gums become unhealthy, they may either recede or become swollen and red. In later stages, the supporting bone is destroyed, and the teeth will shift, loosen, or fall out. These changes not only affect the ability to chew and speak but also spoil the smile.
Periodontal disease consists of ongoing infections of the gums that gradually destroy the support of the natural teeth. Periodontal disease affects one or more of the periodontal tissues—alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, cementum, or gingiva.
Regular Periodontal Care Is Important
The bacteria in plaque produce toxins, or poisons, which constantly attack the gums and teeth. Unless plaque is removed, it hardens into a rough, porous deposit called calculus, or tartar. Daily brushing and flossing will help to minimize the formation of calculus, but it won’t completely prevent it.
No matter how careful we are in cleaning our teeth and gums, bacterial plaque may cause a recurrence of gum disease from two to four months after our last professional cleaning. Therefore, a dental professional must check for hidden problems and remove the hardened plaque at appropriate time intervals, so the teeth and gums stay healthy.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery requires additional years of hospital-based surgical and anesthesia training after graduation from dental school. At James Island Family, Cosmetic & Implant Dentistry, we offer oral and maxillofacial surgery expertise for procedures ranging from dental implant surgery to corrective jaw surgery including bone gum grafting, bone grafting, and extractions. This also includes techniques designed to rebuild bone structure with minimal surgical intervention and optimal patient comfort.