The American Dental Association’s Council on Dental Education and Licensure has recognized nine dental specialties.
1. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon (OMS)
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are dentists specializing in surgery of the mouth, face and jaws. After four years of dental school, surgeons receive four to seven years of hospital-based surgical and medical training, preparing them to do a wide range of procedures including all types of surgery of both the bones and soft tissues of the face, mouth and neck.
Periodontists are dentists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal (gum) disease. They have had extensive training with two additional years of study after dental school. As specialists they devote their time, energy and skill to helping patients care for their gums. After receiving her PhD in Anatomy and Physiology and dental medicine degree, our Dr. Christopher went into specialty training for periodontal treatments and surgeries and has the skills and knowledge to provide expertise care.
Why Does your dentist refer you to a Periodontist?
If your general dentist, Dr. Christopher, has determined that your gums require special attention. The periodontist and general dentist work together as a team to provide you with the highest level of care. They will combine their experience to recommend the best treatment available to you while keeping each other informed on your progress. By referring you to the specialist, your dentist is showing a strong commitment to your dental health.
The endodontist examines, diagnoses, and treats diseases and destructive processes, including injuries and abnormalities of dental pulps and periapical tissues of the teeth.
Endodontists examine patients and interpret radiographs and pulp tests to determine pulp vitality and periapical tissue condition. They evaluate their findings and prescribe a method of treatment to prevent loss of teeth.
The prosthodontist examines and diagnoses disabilities caused by loss of teeth and supporting structures. They formulate and execute treatment plans for the construction of corrective prostheses to restore proper function and esthetics of the mouth, face, and jaw.
5. Pediatric Dentist
A pediatric dentist has at least two additional years of training beyond dental school. The additional training focuses on management and treatment of a child’s developing teeth, child behavior, physical growth and development, and the special needs of children’s dentistry. Although either type of dentist is capable of addressing your child’s oral health care needs, a pediatric dentist, his or her team, and even the office décor are all geared to care for children and to put them at ease. If your child has special needs, care from a pediatric dentist should be considered.
An orthodontist prevents and treats mouth, teeth, and jaw problems. Using braces, retainers, and other devices, an orthodontist helps straighten a person’s teeth and correct the way the jaws line up.
Orthodontists treat kids for many problems, including having crowded or overlapping teeth or having problems with jaw growth and tooth development. These tooth and jaw problems may be caused by tooth decay, losing baby teeth too soon, accidents, or habits like thumb sucking. These problems can also be genetic or inherited.
So why would you go to the orthodontist?
Your dentist or one of your parents might recommend it because they see a problem with your teeth or jaws. Sometimes a youth who doesn’t like the way his or her teeth look might ask to see an orthodontist.
7. Oral Pathologist
Oral pathologists specialize in identifying and managing of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a dental specialty that investigates the causes, processes, and overall effects of these diseases. Oral pathology includes research and diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical, or other physical examinations or tests.
8. Oral Radiologist
Oral and maxillofacial radiologists specialize in the interpretation of images and data produced by a variety of radiation equipment. By analyzing the modalities of radiant energy, an oral radiologist can assist in diagnosis and management of diseases, disorders, and conditions of their patients.
9. Dental Public Health
Dental public health focuses on preventing and controlling oral diseases through organized community efforts. Rather than treating individual patients, dental public health attempts to target large portions of the population by educating the community with applied dental research and administrative programs.
If you would like more information, please call our office: (843) 795-1111.